Research: Poverty in Canada

Every October, CPJ releases our report on poverty in Canada. It highlights the unequal effects of poverty on racialized people, single-parent families, single seniors and adults, children, persons with disabilities, and Indigenous peoples. We also report on poverty rates of provinces, territories, and communities across Canada. For Poverty Trends 2020, we adopted an intersectional approach by looking specifically at how experiences of poverty differ depending on overlapping identities such as race, gender, disability, sexual orientation, and immigration status, as well as where we live and our family status. According to the low-income measure, 5.9 million people in Canada were living in poverty in 2018. Canada’s laws and systems are legally required to protect people’s right to an adequate standard of living. Unfortunately, this is not the reality for millions of people in Canada.
  • We all have the right to food, but 1 in 4 single-mother households are food insecure.
  • We all have the right to education, but students with disabilities living on reserve or in rural settings do not have access to the same level of supports and services as their peers living off-reserve in urban settings.
  • We all have the right to health, but 11.2% of people 12 years or older reported not receiving health care when they needed it.
  • We all have the right to safe and fair employment conditions, but 13% of Black Canadians reported experiencing discrimination at work or during hiring, compared to 6% of non-Black Canadians.
  • We all have the right to safety & security, but 39% of self-reported violent crimes involved a victim with a disability.
  • We all have the right to adequate housing, but 40% of youth experiencing homelessness identified as LGBTQ or Two-Spirit.

Poverty Trends 2020

Poverty Trends 2020 adopts an intersectional approach by looking specifically at how experiences of poverty differ depending on overlapping identities such as race, gender, disability, sexual orientation, and immigration status, as well as where we live and our family status.

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Busting Myths About Poverty in Canada

MYTH Poverty is about bad personal choices. FACT Poverty is a complex and multifaceted reality. It is rooted in systemic barriers, structural injustice, inequity, and social exclusion. People living in poverty often experience discrimination based on gender, racialization, disability, and other forms of exclusion that prevent full engagement in society. In addition, a weakened social…

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Poverty Trends 2018

CPJ released Poverty Trends 2018, our annual report on poverty in Canada, a day ahead of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. It reports that a staggering 5.8 million people in Canada (or 16.8%) live in poverty.

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Living in the Gap

Living in the Gap: A Snapshot of Precarity in Canada

Living in the Gap is a series of infographics that show a snapshot of the monthly incomes, expenses, and experiences of six fictitious households. Drawn from across the country in rural and urban settings, these snapshots illustrate how precarity affects our lives on a daily basis.

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Poverty Trends 2017

Poverty Trends 2017

Poverty Trends 2017, our annual report on poverty in Canada, reports that 4.8 million people in Canada (or 13.9%) live in poverty. The report uses the Low-Income Measure (LIM), which defines the poverty rate as a 50 per cent of the median Canadian household income.

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Towards a Guaranteed Livable Income

Towards a Guaranteed Livable Income

This Briefing Note lays out CPJ’s position on guaranteed annual income (GAI) / basic income (BI) programs to support CPJ’s participation in current debates, and to inform the development of a Canadian Poverty Reduction Strategy.

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Break the Barriers

Break the Barriers

People living in poverty in Canada face multiple barriers. As a country, we can do better to address these persistent challenges. We need a national anti-poverty plan that takes a comprehensive approach to the complex reality of poverty.

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On the Margins: A Glimpse of Poverty in Canada

On the Margins

“On the Margins” reports that 4.9 million people in Canada (or roughly 1 in 7) live in poverty. It also provides a breakdown of poverty rates for each province and territory as well as the 20 big cities and small communities in Canada with the highest poverty rates.

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National Anti-Poverty Plan for Canada

It’s time for a plan to end poverty in Canada. In a country as wealthy as ours, 4.8 million people struggle to make ends meet: to pay their rent, feed their families, and address basic needs. Dignity for All, a collaborative campaign between Citizens for Public Justice and Canada Without Poverty, have released the National Anti-Poverty Plan for Canada.

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The Burden of Poverty

The Burden of Poverty

“The Burden of Poverty: A snapshot of poverty across Canada” uses the most recent data from Statistics Canada to demonstrate the reality of poverty across the country.

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