Poverty in Canada

A biblical perspective on poverty must start with the recognition that all people are created in the image of God. Our love for God therefore requires that we respect our neighbours' dignity and care for their well-being. The Bible also calls us to practice justice, protecting and uplifting the weakest members of our society.

In Canada, 5.8 million people live in poverty. Compared to other developed countries, our poverty rate is shocking: Canada ranks 24th out of 34 OECD countries. It’s estimated that the financial cost of poverty in Canada is between $72.5 billion and $86.1 billion per year. The federal government has the tools to create positive, measurable change to significantly reduce poverty. Recent progress – specifically on children’s and seniors’ poverty – confirms this capacity.

CPJ works to advance federal policy measures that will reduce poverty, including measures on income security, affordable housing, childcare, progressive taxation, and jobs and training. We specialize in providing timely political analysis on these issues, and our research is often referenced in the media and is well-used by groups at both the national and community level. We regularly meet with parliamentarians to provide input on poverty-related legislation. CPJ often works specifically with churches and denominational groups to help them take action on poverty.

CPJ co-leads Dignity for All: The campaign for a poverty-free Canada, a non-partisan initiative calling for a federal poverty elimination strategy. Every year we provide opportunities for engagement though our "Chew on This!" events around the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.

CPJ is a member the National Steering Committee of Campaign 2000, a cross-Canada public education movement to build Canadian awareness and support for the 1989 all-party House of Commons resolution to end child poverty in Canada by the year 2000. In 2012, CPJ helped establish the All-Party Anti-Poverty Caucus, a group of MPs and Senators who work across party lines to develop and promote policies for a more equitable Canada. We were also instrumental in bringing together the Interfaith Declaration on Poverty in Canada.

In 2011, CPJ published Living Justice: A Gospel Response to Poverty. This ecumenical worship and action guide continues to be used by small groups across the country ready to move beyond acts of charity when confronting poverty.

In February 2017, Minister of Families, Children and Social Development, Jean-Yves Duclos  launched consultations to inform Canada's first ever federal poverty reduction strategy, and in August 2018, Opportunity for All, was launched. While this was an important moment for CPJ and Dignity for All, more work is required to strengthen the new strategy.

CPJ will continue to call for a stronger federal strategy, that includes increased funding and accountability mechanisms, and to engage with the federal government to ensure that implementation is timely and moves toward the ultimate goal of poverty eradication in Canada.

CPJ facilitates workshops on poverty in Canada and the call for a stronger national anti-poverty plan. Contact Natalie Appleyard for more information.


Every October, CPJ releases our report on poverty in Canada. It highlights the unequal effects of poverty on racialized people, single-parent families, single seniors and adults, children, persons with disabilities, and Indigenous peoples. We also report on poverty rates of provinces, territories, and communities across Canada.

Policy Statements

In a country as wealthy as ours, 5.8 million people struggle to make ends meet: to pay their rent, feed their families, and address basic needs. CPJ and the Dignity for All campaign are calling for a national plan to end poverty in Canada.

Church Resources

Interested in getting your church engaged in anti-poverty discussions and reflections? Check out a few of CPJ's resources to continue or initiate the conversation.

Take Action

Each year, on October 17, people across Canada gathered in their communities for Chew on This! an annual event to mark the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.


Keep up-to-date with the latest news and views from CPJ on poverty in Canada by reading the articles written by CPJ staff and citing CPJ’s work.