Taxation

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Taxation

Taxes are not simply about money or fees collected by governments. Taxes are equally about public programs and services, reducing poverty and the harmful effects of inequality, and protecting the environment. Taxes are about building the kind of Canada we want.

Taxes for the Common Good: A Public Justice Primer on Taxation

Taxes are an important contribution to the common good. They raise the revenues used to pay for democratic institutions and to provide government programs and services. 

Over the past decade, significant changes have been made to Canada’s tax system, including deep cuts to tax rates. The impact of these changes is a cause for concern, as taxes are one way that we as citizens fulfill our obligation to promote justice and to respect the right of all people to live in dignity. For governments, tax policy can be used to foster justice, and tax revenue can pay for infrastructure that benefits all and promotes an equitable society. Public justice also supports a progressive distribution of taxes, and transparent and accountable decisions from governments on taxation and spending.

What We Do

Each year, CPJ submits our recommendations for the federal budget to the House of Commons Finance Committee. Once the budget is released, we respond with analysis that outlines the impact of the budget on low-income Canadians, ecological justice, and refugee rights. 

Taxation policy is a critical component of CPJ's work on poverty and ecological justice. You can find out more about our work on a guaranteed livable income in the Poverty section. More information about carbon pricing can be found in the Ecological Justice section. 

CPJ is a founding member of the Canadians for Tax Fairness, a non-partisan organization advocating for fair and progressive tax policies aimed at building a strong and sustainable economy, reducing inequalities and funding quality public services.

CPJ provides timely analysis and research on taxation policy in Canada. Contact Darlene O'Leary for more information.

Recent Actions

2015: CPJ released “Taxes for the Common Good” is a series of six fact sheets highlighting the positive role taxes play in a democratic society and summarizing up-to-date information on the costs and opportunities afforded by various federal tax policy options.

2014: CPJ spoke out against income splitting, a policy that allows higher income earners to transfer a portion of their annual income to the lower income partner to reduce the household’s overall tax burden. This policy was cancelled in 2015.

2013: In our pre-budget submission, CPJ called on the federal government to reverse tax cuts that don’t benefit all Canadians, such as boutique tax credits, corporate tax cuts, and GST cuts.

2012: CPJ supported Canadians for Tax Fairness' Tackle Tax Havens campaign, which raises public awareness about the growing problem of tax evasion due to tax havens and presses the government to do more to stop cheats and support international efforts to regulate tax havens.

2011: CPJ released our backgrounder & position paper on taxation in Canada. They outline how CPJ’s public justice framework supports the notion that taxes are an important contribution to the common good and how tax policy can be used to foster justice.

Research

Want to learn more about taxation in Canada?

CPJ's research report, “Taxes for the Common Good,” is a series of six fact sheets highlighting the positive role taxes play in a democratic society and summarizing up-to-date information on the costs and opportunities afforded by various federal tax policy options. Read more

Policy Statements

Want to understand how Christian values can translate into responsible taxation policy?

CPJ’s public justice framework supports the notion that taxes are an important contribution to the common good. Read more

Federal Budgets

Want to read CPJ's commentary on Canada's federal budget? 

CPJ's recommendations for, and responses to, the federal government's annual budget. Read more

News

Want to know what CPJ staff have been saying on taxation in Canada? 

Read the latest news and views from staff at CPJ on taxation. Read more

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