Policy Statements: Poverty in Canada

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Want to understand how Christian values can translate into policies that reduce poverty?

Read CPJ's policy statements on poverty in Canada, income inequality, and housing & homelessness.

CPJ is calling for a plan to end poverty in Canada. In a country as wealthy as ours, 4.8 million people struggle to make ends meet: to pay their rent, feed their families, and address basic needs.

Despite multiple calls for the development of a national poverty plan by the United Nations, the Senate, and a House of Commons Standing Committee, Canada has not stepped up to the plate. This means that there is no strategy in place at the national level to address the needs of one in seven people in Canada who live in poverty.

The Dignity for All Campaign, co-led by Citizens for Public Justice and Canada Without Poverty, is calling for a national anti-poverty for Canada. In 2015, the campaign developed a model plan focused on six different themes.

In 2017, CPJ called for the federal government to allocate $5.59 billion annually in new spending as a downpayment on the Canadian Poverty Reduction Strategy, beginning in 2018.

Income security

Canada’s income security system is now one of the weakest among developed countries. Those in receipt of social assistance continue to subsist on benefits that place them well below any poverty measure used in Canada.

Dignity for All recommends that Canada:

  • Reform income assistance programs, such as Employment Insurance.
  • Increase the National Child Benefit to $5,600 annually for eligible families. Index it to the cost of living and ensure that families living on social assistance retain the full child benefit without claw backs.
  • Increase the Working Income Tax Benefit.

Housing and homelessness

While there are at least 250,000 homeless persons in Canada, most shelters are at maximum capacity.

Dignity for All recommends that Canada:

  • Develop and implement a coordinate National Housing Strategy based in human rights.
  • Increase funding by no less than $2 billion per year in new money to implement housing strategies that meet the strategy targets.

Health

Socio-economic disparities account for 20% of total annual health care spending (expected to have exceeded $211 billion in 2013). Medicare covers only 70% of total health care costs – the rest is covered by private insurance plans and out-of-pocket spending.

Dignity for All recommends that Canada:

  • Recognize in the legislation of an anti-poverty plan the social determinants of health, including income, employment, food security, early childhood education and care, and housing.
  • Commit to a new ten-year Health Accord including a National Pharmacare Program.

Food security

Since the 2008-2009 economic recession, food bank usage has increased by 25%, with children and youth now representing over 30% of food bank users. Among Inuit adults living in Nunavut, the rate of food insecurity is shockingly high at 69%.

Dignity for All recommends that Canada:

  • Develop a National Right to Food Policy.
  • Increase federal investment to address the very high levels of household food insecurity among First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples.

Early childhood education and care

Regulated child care in Canada is currently characterized by high fees, low staff wages, mediocre quality, and unmet demand.

Dignity for All recommends that Canada:

  • Develop a high-quality, universal, publicly-funded and managed early childhood education and care program for children aged 0 to 5 years and for school-aged children up to age 12.
  • Dedicate federal transfers of $1 billion, $1.6 billion, and $2.3 billion over each of the next three years.

Jobs and employment

In the past 20 years, precarious employment, characterized by some degree of insecurity and unpredictability, generally low wages and few benefits, has increased by nearly 50%. Youth and other groups under-represented in the workforce face particular barriers in obtaining secure employment.

Dignity for All recommends that Canada:

  • Set national wage standards above the poverty line.
  • Provide employment incentives for youth and other groups under-represented in the workforce.

Budget 2011: Building a Sustainable Recovery for All

Submission to the Standing Committee on Finance Pre-Budget Consultations
Too many Canadians are still waiting to experience recovery and risk being permanently left behind. CPJ believes that the best way of achieving a sustainable economic recovery is to ensure that all Canadians are able to participate in the economy. 

Quality Care, Quality Choices: Backgrounder & position paper

May 2010
Rooted in issues of early childhood development, gender equality, and poverty, the lack of a national childcare plan is having detrimental effects on many children and their families in Canada. It is clear that what is needed is an affordable, accessible, quality national childcare program based on the best interest of the child. It is crucial that this program be situated within the context of a comprehensive set of family-oriented policies.

Economic and Social Deficits: 2010 pre-budget submission

Building a responsible and caring economy
Submission to the Standing Committee on Finance Pre-Budget Consultations
CPJ is calling for a responsible and caring budget that addresses both the economic and social deficits, focuses on building sustainable and lasting change and promotes well-being for all Canadians.

Building an economy of care: 2009 pre-budget submission

Submission to the Standing Committee on Finance Pre-Budget Consultations
The present economic and environmental crises highlight the fact that our economy has not provided care for people or creation. Moving beyond the crises requires that re-think our fundamental economic orientation. We need to expand our understanding of prosperity beyond economic growth to encompass social and environmental well-being.

Vision to Action: 2008 pre-budget submission

Canada without Poverty
Submission to the Standing Committee on Finance Pre-Budget Consultations
20 years ago, the House of Commons passed an all-party resolution to end child poverty in Canada by 2000. As we approach the 20th anniversary, Budget 2009 should make good on that promise

CPJ’s backgrounder & position paper on homelessness

June 2008
A growing number of Canadians today face concerns of housing affordability and feel the impact of inadequate housing and homelessness. CPJ believes governments are responsible for protecting the rights of their citizens and for promoting the well-being of communities by investing in affordable housing and providing necessary funding and infrastructures. There is a great need for strong political leadership to create a comprehensive housing strategy that ensures all Canadians, regardless of income, have access to affordable housing.

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